Hemingway – much like Apple – knew how to pare away the cruft to get to the heart of the experience.
When I first began writing fiction I read Hemingway's short stories for inspiration. The first one I read was The Snows of Kilimanjaro where he vividly described a scene without explaining the details.
...he and the British observer had run too until his lungs ached and his mouth was full of the taste of pennies...
This description hit me like a ton of bricks. In this single sentence I understood Hemingway's writing style. When someone's shooting at you the adrenaline deep in your throat tastes exactly like copper pennies. Hemingway had seen combat – he knew what adrenaline tasted like – so there's no need for him to explain it.
|The West Wing: "You tasted something bitter in your mouth.|
It was the adrenaline. The bitter taste was the adrenaline."
Hemingway left out details which pulls in the reader rather than shuts them out. That's hard to do. And Hemingway knew exactly what he was doing which he described in his essay, The Art of the Short Story:
A few things I have found to be true. If you leave out important things or events that you know about, the story is strengthened. If you leave or skip something because you do not know it, the story will be worthless. The test of any story is how very good the stuff that you, not your editors, omit.